History of American Wars – From the Revolutionary War to the Global War on Terror
Since the days of the American Revolution, military conflict has been a part of life for Americans. Our country was founded on the principle of self-defense, and we have consistently defended our freedom and values through force of arms. In this blog post, we will take a look at the history of American wars – from the Revolutionary War to the Global War on Terror.
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The American Revolution (1775-1783) was fought against the British Empire in order to gain independence for the 13 colonies. The war was fought on land and sea, and major battles included Lexington and Concord, Bunker Hill, Saratoga, and Yorktown. George Washington emerged as a leader of the Continental Army, and the war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Paris.
The War of 1812 (1812-1815) was fought between the United States and the British Empire, and was a direct result of the Napoleonic Wars. The United States declared war in an attempt to annex Canada, but the British were able to repel the American invasion force. The war ended in a stalemate, with both sides signing the Treaty of Ghent.
The Indian Wars (1817-1898) were a series of battles fought between the United States and various Native American tribes. The goal of the United States was to expand westward, and the Native Americans were fighting to protect their land and way of life. Battles included the Battle of Little Bighorn, where George Armstrong Custer was killed, as well as the Battle of Wounded Knee, which marked the end of the Indian Wars.
The Mexican-American War (1846-1848) was fought between the United States and Mexico after the U.S. annexed Texas. The war began with a series of American victories, including the Battles of Palo Alto and Resaca de la Palma. However, it was the Battle of Chapultepec that proved to be decisive, as it allowed American troops to capture Mexico City. The war ended with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo.
The American Civil War (1861-1865) was fought between the Confederate States of America and the Union states. The war began after the Confederacy seceded from the United States, and quickly escalated into a bloody conflict. Major battles included Gettysburg, Vicksburg, and Chattanooga. The war ended with the surrender of the Confederacy, and the abolition of slavery.
The Spanish-American War (1898) was fought between the United States and Spain after the explosion of the USS Maine in Havana Harbor. The war was fought in Cuba and the Philippines and resulted in American victories at San Juan Hill and Manila Bay. The war ended with the Treaty of Paris, which resulted in American control of Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines.
World War I (1914-1918) was a global conflict that saw the United States enter on the side of France and Britain against Germany. The war was fought on land, sea, and air, and major battles included Verdun, Somme, Passchendaele, and Meuse-Argonne. The war ended with the armistice of November 11, 1918.
World War II (1939-1945) was a global conflict that saw the United States enter on the side of Britain, France, and the Soviet Union against Germany, Italy, and Japan. The war was fought on land, sea, and air, and major battles included Normandy, Ardennes, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa. The war ended in the pacific with the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki and in Europe Victory in Europe came with the unconditional surrender of Nazi Germany.
The Korean War (1950-1953) was a conflict between North Korea (supported by China) and South Korea (supported by the United Nations). The war began with a North Korean invasion of South Korea and quickly escalated into a bloody conflict. Major battles included Inchon, Chosin Reservoir, and Heartbreak Ridge. The war ended with the armistice of July 27, 1953.
The Vietnam War (1964-1975) was a conflict between North Vietnam (supported by China and the Soviet Union) and South Vietnam (supported by the United States). The war began with American involvement in support of South Vietnam but quickly escalated into a full-scale conflict. Major battles included Ia Drang Valley, Tet Offensive, and Hamburger Hill. The war ended with the fall of Saigon to North Vietnamese forces.
The Persian Gulf War (1991) was a conflict between Iraq (led by Saddam Hussein) and a coalition of countries (led by the United States) in response to Iraq’s invasion of Kuwait. The war began with a massive air campaign, followed by a ground offensive that quickly routed Iraqi forces. The war ended with the withdrawal of Iraqi forces from Kuwait.
The Global War on Terror (2001-present) is a conflict between the United States and various terrorist organizations, including al-Qaeda and the Taliban. The war began with the September 11th attacks on New York City and Washington, D.C., and has since seen American military action in Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Libya, and Somalia. There is no end in sight for the conflict. Major operations have included Operation Enduring Freedom, Operation Iraqi Freedom, and Operation Inherent Resolve.
What led up to the American wars, how were they executed, what were the major battles, who were the iconic figures, how did they end, and what happened in the aftermath of the wars? These are the questions that will be answered in this blog post series on the History of American wars. From the Revolutionary War to the Global War on Terror, we will explore each conflict in detail. So sit back and enjoy as we take a journey through America’s military history.
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