Military Intelligence

Military Intelligence: What You Need to Know

The term ‘military intelligence’ may conjure up images of soldiers in the field, collecting information and sending it back to headquarters. While this is one way that military intelligence can be used, there are many others. Most people know about human intelligence (HUMINT) and signals intelligence (SIGINT), but they might not know about MASINT or IMINT. This blog post will discuss what these terms mean, as well as other aspects of military intelligence such as how it has evolved throughout history and its role in today’s society.

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Military intelligence is a term that refers to a variety of activities and disciplines. The most common type of military intelligence is HUMINT, which is the collection and analysis of information gathered from people. SIGINT is another type of military intelligence, and it involves the interception and interpretation of signals. MASINT stands for Measurement and Signature Intelligence, and it involves the use of information gathered from a variety of sources and then analyzed to determine if there is any threat. IMINT refers to images from satellites, cameras or other devices which are used in order to analyze certain situations.

Military intelligence has been around for decades, centuries even. In today’s society, it plays an important role because countries across the world have many potential threats that they need to keep tabs on at all times in order to ensure their safety and security.” Military intelligence comes in various forms, including but not limited to HUMINT, SIGINT, and MASINT as well as others such as ELNT (electronic warfare) and EMT (emitter management). Intelligence work can be time-consuming depending upon what type you’re doing, but it’s vitally important in order to protect a country and its citizens.


There are five distinct Intelligence Operations disciplines: Human Intelligence (HUMINT), Counterintelligence (CI), Imagery Intelligence (IMINT), Measurement and Signature Intelligence (MASINT), and Signals Intelligence (SIGINT).

Human Intelligence (HUMINT):

HUMINT is the most important type of intelligence, as it provides insights into the plans and intentions of enemies. The collection and analysis of information gathered from people.

Military intelligence relies heavily on HUMINT, as agents can provide valuable information about the enemy’s strengths and weaknesses. In order to collect HUMINT, military intelligence officers must be able to build relationships with people in order to gain their trust and extract information. This can be difficult, as it requires a great deal of skill and tact.

The collection of information about the enemy from human sources. This includes interrogating prisoners, observing the behavior of soldiers on the battlefield, and gathering information from other personnel.

Human intelligence is gathered through interactions with people who are in close contact with the enemy or their territory. This includes prisoners of war, defectors, and civilian informants. HUMINT can also be gathered through surveillance or direct observation of enemy personnel or territory. Human intelligence is used for a variety of purposes. It is used to identify enemy strengths and weaknesses, it can be used to determine the location of key personnel or installations, and it can be used to gather information about the enemy’s intentions and plans. The Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) is the largest organization responsible for conducting HUMINT operations.

Counterintelligence (CI):

CI is intelligence about the enemy’s movements. It includes information about the enemy’s intentions, capabilities, and activities. CI helps to protect military forces from the enemy’s espionage and sabotage operations. The United States Army Counterintelligence Corps (CIC) is the largest organization responsible for conducting CI operations.

CI also refers to the activity of identifying, investigating and countering the efforts of foreign intelligence services operating on American soil.

CI includes counter-terrorism, which targets unlawful activities that are aimed at harming the United States or its interests. The National Counterintelligence and Security Center (NCSC) is the primary organization responsible for carrying out CI activities in the United States.

Imagery Intelligence (IMINT):

IMINT is the capture and interpretation of images from satellites, aerial photography, cameras, or other devices used in order to analyze certain situations. This includes still images and video footage. IMINT can be used to create detailed maps of the enemy’s territory.

IMINT is often considered a subcategory of SIGINT because it uses some of the same methods as SIGINT, such as satellite imagery.

IMINT is the most commonly known form of intelligence, and it is used to provide information about enemy movements, battlefield positions, and other strategic information. The images captured by IMINT can also be used to verify the accuracy of other forms of intelligence such as signals or measurements intelligence. IMINT is also used to monitor the enemy’s troop movements and logistics capabilities. The National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) is one of the largest agencies responsible for collecting and analyzing IMINT data.

Measurement and Signature Intelligence (MASINT):

MASINT is the acquisition and analysis of data from sources such as radar, lasers, sound waves, and acoustics that can be used to identify objects or activities.

MASINT can include anything that has a material existence, including things that are difficult to detect with other forms of intelligence. MASINT can be used to identify objects or activities that are not normally detectable with other forms of intelligence. This information can be used to identify targets for military operations, gather intelligence about enemy movements, or monitor compliance with arms treaties and other international agreements. The United States Air Force is the largest organization responsible for collecting and analyzing MASINT data.

Signals Intelligence (SIGINT):

SIGINT is the interception and interpretation of signals. This includes telephone conversations, emails, text messages, and other forms of communication.

Military forces need information about the enemy’s movements in order to successfully engage them on the battlefield. This is known as Signals Intelligence (SIGINT). The interception and interpretation of signals is a vital part of military operations, providing commanders with information about the enemy’s intentions and movements. SIGINT can also be used to gather intelligence about potential targets for airstrikes or other military operations. The collection of SIGINT requires sophisticated equipment and skilled personnel. SIGINT can help to reduce civilian casualties by guiding military equipment and personnel safely around minefields, or away from areas where civilians are present. The National Security Agency (NSA) is the largest organization responsible for collecting signals intelligence.

Communication Intelligence (COMINT):

COMINT is a form of intelligence that is used to gain information about the enemy’s intentions and movements. The interception and interpretation of communications can provide valuable insights into the enemy’s operations. COMINT is also used to identify key personnel who can be targeted or manipulated. The United States Army Intelligence and Security Command (INSCOM) is the largest organization responsible for collecting and analyzing COMINT data.

Electronic Warfare (ELNT):

ELINT is a collection of intelligence gathered from electronic sources. ELINT has been called “signals intelligence” or SIGINT because it is the gathering of electronic signals and signatures. ELINT comprises not only the interception of signals but also the analysis and interpretation of their meaning. The purpose of ELINT is to provide the military with information about the enemy’s electronic systems and capabilities. The United States Navy is the largest organization responsible for conducting ELINT operations.

Foreign Instrumentation Signals Intelligence (FISINT):

FISINT is a type of signals intelligence that focuses on the interception and interpretation of foreign signals. FISINT monitors electronic emissions from foreign equipment or weapons. The information gathered is used to provide insight into the technical capabilities of enemy forces. FISINT can also be used to identify foreign weapons that are being developed, or have been deployed. The United States Strategic Command (STRATCOM) is the largest organization responsible for collecting and analyzing FISINT data.

Open Source Intelligence (OSINT):

OSINT is the most affordable type of intelligence to obtain, as it does not require sophisticated equipment or personnel in order to gather data. OSINT can provide valuable insights into the plans and intentions of enemies, as well as their relationships with other organizations. The Department of State (DoS), Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) are just a few organizations responsible for collecting OSINT.

Emitter Management (EMT):

The purpose of emitter management (EMT) is to identify, locate, track and monitor emitters for control and direction of friendly forces. Emitters are any electronic device that can be used to communicate, such as cell phones and radios. Enemy emitters can provide intelligence about their location and plans. The US Military uses EMT to identify emitters and then direct friendly forces toward them in order to destroy or capture the enemy equipment, or to gather intelligence.


When it comes to intelligence, there is a lot more going on than just spies and keeping secrets. In fact, the Intelligence Community operates in five distinct disciplines that all have their own specific focuses and goals. These are HUMINT (human intelligence), CI (counterintelligence), IMINT (imagery intelligence), MASINT (measurement and signature intelligence) SIGINT (signals intelligence). Understanding what each of these fields entail can help you better understand how they work with one another as well as why they exist at all. If this blog has raised any questions for you or if you want us to clarify anything about your current understanding of the Intelligence Community, we’re happy to do so! Just put your question in the comment section.

Thank you for reading, and be sure to check out our other blog posts for more information on subject such as – PSYOPS: Propaganda, Censorship, and Disinformation and Why you should support the Second Amendment.


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