Why you should secure the perimeter of your property?
Whether you live in the city, suburbs, or a rural setting, your perimeter is the first line of defense in protecting you and your family from rioters and violent home invasions.
With home invasions, rapes, murders, natural disasters, burglaries, thefts, and vandalism becoming more prevalent around the country, now is the time to upgrade your home’s physical security plan.
An FBI crime report states that over 2.5 million US households will have some form of home invasion this year – that’s 1 every 15 seconds.
The U.S. Department of Justice Victimization estimates from 2017 to 2018, the rate of rape or sexual assault victimizations increased from 1.4 to 2.7 per 1,000 persons age 12 or older.
While these are numbers are staggering, you can begin to protect you and your family from a violent home invasion today.
Related Article: Why you need a physical security plan for your home and property?
Where do you start?
All home and property protection starts with having a physical security plan in place.
Since all physical security requirements are not the same, our aim with this article is to give you the best available Military and Commercial information possible so you can improve the physical security of your home and property. (Show you how to protect you and your family from violent home invasions)
What is a physical security plan for your home and property?
A physical security plan for your home and property is a concentric layered security measure put in place to deter, delay, detect, and respond to threats from outside of your security perimeter. (Prevent violent home invasions through unauthorized access of your perimeter)
How do you determine your home’s physical security plan requirements?
Before trying to implement a physical security plan for your home, you need to do a threat and risk assessment, as well as, a security survey of your home and property.
The Physical Security Checklist from Riskwatch International is a great tool to use in determining what your risk tolerance is compared to the potential threats and consequences.
What are the layers of a good physical security plan?
There are three basic layers of a good physical security plan: outer layer(s), middle layer(s), and inner layer(s). This article will focus on the outer layer (your property’s perimeter).
How do you secure the perimeter of your property?
Quick answer is to install controls at the outer protective layer(s) of your perimeter.
Most of us don’t have the money to put HESCO Barriers and guard towers around our home and then man it with a security force 24/7 but most of us can improve the security of our home’s perimeter with a little bit of time and money.
By using the following measures, you can develop a force multiplier effect with every addition to the perimeter of your property; Signs, Perimeter Barriers, Protective Lighting, and Intrusion Detection Devises (IDS).
Entering a clearly marked area against permission constitutes trespassing, and no-trespassing signs are one of the most effective ways to give notice to those without authority to access your property. Signs may also provide you with a modicum of protection if you are taken to court by trespassers or violent home invaders should they be injured or killed on your property. (This not legal advice).
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Perimeter Protective Barriers
Perimeter protective barriers need to form the entire perimeter of your property. They create a psychological deterrent for anyone thinking of unauthorized entry. They are designed to delay and potentially prevent passage through them.
According to The Department of the Army FM 3-19.30 protective barriers are used to define the physical limits of an area. Barriers restrict, channel, or impede access and are fully integrated to form a continuous obstacle around the installation. They are designed to deter the worst-case threat.
NOTE: Barriers should be focused on providing you and your family with an acceptable level of protection against a threat (not just for ornamental decoration).
Protective barriers consist of two major categories—natural and structural.
• Natural protective barriers are mountains and deserts, cliffs and ditches, thorny bushes and hedgerows, water obstacles, or other terrain features that are difficult to traverse.
• Structural protective barriers are man-made devices (such as fences, walls, roadblocks, or other construction) used to restrict, channel, or impede access.
NOTE: Fences are effective at delineating a boundary and at keeping honest people honest, but they are ineffective for preventing a forced entry. The design strategy for forced entry is based on delaying the aggressor. A serious aggressor could climb a fence in less than 4 seconds or cut through a fence in less than 10 seconds.
Security lighting provides a level of illumination to deter, detect, and detain individuals who attempt to breach your property’s perimeter.
- Security lighting creates a psychological deterrent to criminal activity in the area being protected. Trespassers and home invaders do not have the benefit of the darkness to conceal their activities.
- Proper security lighting allows for physical detection and facial recognition of trespassers and diminishes potential hiding spots.
- Through visual means, security lighting gives you and/or the authorities the means to better asses the threat situation when being confronted or confronting a trespasser thus reducing the potential for unintended consequences during the detention process.
Types of Protective Lighting
There are four general types of outside security lighting: continuous lighting, emergency lighting, moveable lighting, and standby lighting.
- Continuous lighting is the most common type of protective lighting and simply means that when you turn the lights on, they stay on.
- Emergency Lighting is lighting that is hardwired to an emergency power supply in the event of power failure.
- Moveable or Portable Lighting is what the name indicates, lighting that can be manually operated and put in selected places that require temporary lighting.
- Standby lighting is similar to continuous lighting but it is normally off and then turned on either manually or automatically when suspicious activity is detected.
Key Principles of Protective Lighting
- Make it easier for security to observe the site
- Make it difficult for security to be seen
- Protective lighting requires less intensity than working light
- Consider whether the background you need to illuminate is dark or light
- Use contrast to make intruders stand out
- Light perimeters and boundaries
- Light structures and internal areas
- Combine lighting strategies with alarm systems and protective services
- Ensure the failure of one light won’t result in system failure
Intrusion Detection Systems (IDS)
Intrusion Detection Systems are State-of-the-art integrated electronic security sensors that can detect and alert you when there has been an incursion to your property’s perimeter. They can be video, sensor, or radar-based solutions.
According to Mobile Video Guard there are three principal functions of an IDS: Deter, detect, and delay. Each one of these is beneficial on its own, but combined they deliver much stronger asset protection.
- Deterrence – IDS are meant to help prevent intrusions. Signs posted warning approaching persons that the site is protected by a detection system may keep would-be intruders from an attempt. This is the first-order function of an IDS.
- Detection – The secondary role of an IDS is to detect intruders. Most are designed to detect intrusions before or as they are happening and to sound an alarm.
- Delay – Third, IDS helps security personnel to respond appropriately to intrusions by pinpointing where the breach has occurred. Some systems may also be able to report where the intruder has moved to within the site.
Keep in mind that which one you choose should be based on your home’s unique risks and the systems already in place. Also be wary of totally trusting your IDS to protect your [home] – you may need to overlap or integrate strategies with other measures.
Don’t forget the gating requirements of your perimeter (article coming up soon)
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How to secure your property from rioters and violent home invasions. Your Perimeter
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